Inland Fisheries Development
2. Name of the Scheme: Inland Fisheries Development.
3. Aim & Objective:
The vast natural fisheries resources of the State viz. lakes, beels, swamps etc. are to be harnessed properly for augmenting fish production to meet the growing demand of fish. The scheme envisages production of sufficient quantities of commercially important fish seed both indigenous and exotic species for stocking in the vast natural resources as well as the ponds and tanks of the State. The natural beels and lakes are to be saved from extinction due to silting of the bottom and other geographical changes. Various experiments on catching of fish from large water areas by using modern fishing crafts and gears as well as pen/cage culture are to be conducted at the Departmental fish farm at Takmu for the benefit of the fishermen. Hence, the scheme is to be continued during the 12th Five Year Plan. The detailed components of the scheme are given below:
(i) ESTABLISHMENT OF FISHERY ESTATE:
The shallow peripheral marginal areas of the natural lakes, beels and other derelict water areas in the 4(four) valley districts of Manipur viz. Imphal-East, Imphal-West, Thoubal and Bishnupur districts which are not fit for paddy cultivation, be converted into 1.00 ha Unit Ponds for scientific fish culture by constructing small ring bunds to augment table fish production in the State. Such ponds will be allotted to the deserving fishermen/fish farmers on long term lease basis for taking up intensive fish culture.
About 200 nos. of 1.00 ha Unit ponds established will give direct employment to 200 nos. of fishermen/fish farmer families to produce 8000 M.T. of table fish per annum @ 4000 kg/ha/annum by taking intensive fish culture and this will help the poor fishermen in uplifting their socio-economic conditions.
(ii) DEVELOPMENT AND CONSERVATION OF NATURAL FISHERIES:
Most of the small beels and lakes are infested with aquatic weeds thereby decreasing the fish production to a great extent. In order to augment table fish production as well as to conserve these small lakes and beels, it is necessary to clear the infested weeds by mechanical means and using chemical weedicides wherever possible. Besides these, sufficient quantities of economically important and fast growing fish species will be stocked for augmenting table fish production and replenishment of the fish stock in these water areas. For clearance of aquatic weeds, phoodies infested in the natural lakes, it is required to purchase machineries like excavator, which harvestor and Tata dippers etc.
(iii) PRODUCTION OF ECONOMICALLY IMPORTANT FISH SEEDS AND DISTRIBUTION:
In order to meet the requirement of fish seed in the State, it is necessary to produce more quantities of economically important fish species such as Pengba, Ngaton, Grass carp, Silver Carp etc. from the existing Departmental Fish Seed Farms by adopting the latest technologies of fish seed production available in the country. Beside this, private fish seed producers will also be encouraged by demonstrating the new techniques of fish seed production in the Departmental Fish Seed Farms so as to increase production of the fish seed from their fish seed farms. Fish seeds so produced in the Department Fish Seed Farm will cater to the need of the fish farmers and the surplus will be stocked in the natural water areas like lakes, beels, rivers, reservoirs etc. for replenishment of natural fish stocks.
4. Location of the Scheme: The Scheme will be located in the 9(nine) districts of Manipur including hills as well as valley districts of the State.