Fishery Research and Extension & Transfer of Technology
2. Name of the Scheme: Fishery Research and Extension & Transfer of Technology
3. Aim & Objective:
The technical know-how and research findings are propagated through local dailies, pamphlets, work-shops, audio-visual Programme and mobile short-term training Programme. Demonstration will be taken up in the farmers’ communities at selected places throughout the state for propagation of scientific knowledge of fisheries to the general masses. Mobile Hypophysation Programme will be taken up as a continuing one covering all the districts during the Twelfth Five Year Plan period.
Fishery extension Programme and training along with research will be taken up under the scheme, as follows:
In-service as well as fresh candidates are given 1(one) year training course at the Inland Fisheries Training Centre of the Department, the number of seats being 40(forty) per session. The Programme has been functioning since the 9th Five Year Plan period. The Training Centre will be upgraded to the status of a College if all the facilities are given during the 12th Five Year Plan Period.
One Fishery Research Centre is functioning at Imphal West District where research works on indigenous fishes are being taken up. One Mini Laboratory will also be attached to this Research Centre.
In order to propagate the various research findings to the actual field, fisheries extension techniques such as organization of work-shops, seminars, publication of bulletins, audio visual programmes, mobile hypophysation programmes etc. are taken up throughout the State. Suitable Fishery co-operative Societies, Ngayok Marups (Fish farmers Self-Help Groups)/piscicultural organizations/association will be organized for upliftment of socio-economic condition of the poor fishermen/fish farmers through united efforts
It is in fact that the soil of Manipur is acidic in nature but the most favourable condition of soil for fish culture is alkaline. Hence, in fish culture particularly in the acidic soil, application of high dose lime is a must. Lime is one of the most important items to increase the fertility of ponds as well as to control the parasite and disease. Lime increases the PH value of water and the organic activities thereby producing huge quantity of fish feed organisms and ultimately good crop of fish. The dose ranges from 250 to 500 kg. per ha. depending upon the PH of the soil.
In fish culture, feeding is compulsory and without food fish could not grow well. But the problem is to get adequate feed specially rice brand and mustard oil cake ( MOC ) which are suitable feed for fish and also consumed by all the domestic animals like cow, buffalo, pigs and even used in the poultry. Hence, the good quality fish feed is very much required for fish culture and availability is still a problem.
As such, it is envisaged to make lime and fish feed available to the fish farmers at 50/% subsidized rates so as to increase fish production in the state as well as to give awareness of using lime and feeding of fish to the fish farmers. In order to implement the scheme in a bigger, it will tied up with RKVY schemes.
4. Justification of continuation of the scheme:
In the Fishery Department, research and extension programme are required to explore the various available water areas and studies on hydro-biological and ecological conditions so as to enable formulating and evolving ways and means for further development and also it is necessary to propagate fisheries knowledge of pisciculture to the fishermen, fish farmers, educated un-employed youths etc. As such, fishery extension works along with research will be continued during the Twelfth Five Year Plan period.